Rights are conditions or freedoms that every person enjoys under the law. Rights are an important component of liberal democratic societies. Individuals in these societies have several fundamental rights, including the right to life and the right to freedoms of speech, religion, assembly and movement. Protecting rights and freedoms is of the main functions of the law. Protection of rights can be found in our constitutions, in our legislation and in common law. These lawgovpol.com topic pages are concise summaries of significant concepts, institutions and processes in Australian law and government. These pages have been written by lawgovpol.com authors.